BCM312 – Teaching as a Profession

  1. Introduction

            Media and communication have for a long time been very useful in dispensing information to people at various levels of requirement. The evolution that has been experienced in the growth and development of media and communication across the world in the past few years has been very instrumental in propelling global growth and development. The regular increases in technological developments across the world that focus on media and communication have greatly improved the way that people interact and relate with each other. One of the most important factors that have greatly influenced the growth and understanding of human beings since historical times has been the teaching profession. From historical accounts, we can be able to notice the way the aspect of teaching people has had a direct influence on the way people live, behave, grow, think, and develop in society. This research paper will look into how the teaching profession has been viewed from a historical time. The focus will seek to find out the perception that people have over teaching as a profession. Also, this research paper will look into how the teaching profession has impacted our human lives and some of the contributions that support its growth in society.

2. Methodology

            To understand more about the evolution of teaching as a profession, the perceptions around it, the impact that it has created over time, and some of the contributing factors to it we need to employ the use of other written materials and researches. Literature articles and content such as “The Evolution of Education from Education 1.0 to Education 4.0: Is it an evolution or a revolution?” written by Professor Dr. Gregoris A. Makrides and published in 2019, “Global impact of COVID-19 on education systems: the emergency remote teaching at Sultan Qaboos University” written by Mohamed ElTahir Osman and published in the year 2020, and other variable resources. 

3. History of Teaching

            Teaching in the history of human beings has always been there as far back as historical accounts could allow us to look at and find out more information. From various cave paintings and artworks that were created by people a very long time ago before the invention of paper or leather materials for writing show that there was some form of teaching through imagery and art. Teaching has always formed a medium by which learned information can be transferred from generation to generation. This transition of information has been instrumental in preserving the existence and continuation of humankind across the world.

            The growth and development of education in human beings can greatly be attributed to the presence of people who are willing to take up teaching positions to impact others with knowledge. Through classroom practices and teaching, students can learn important information that is essential to their lives’ existences. The inclusion of machine teaching and learning can be dated to various inventions such as the “teaching by machine” which was invented by B. F. Skinner and others that date to as far back as the years of 1950s and 1960s. The inventions were different early attempts to improve the way teaching and learning exercises were being carried out (Benjamin 1988). The teaching machines would work by displaying pictures and students would spell out the words or letters to describe creating understanding to them.

            There have been various approaches that have been used to improve the way teaching practices are being conducted inside the classroom and outside also. There have been arguments that advocate for and against the teaching of students in the classroom. There have been attempts in the past to stop students from attending school with parents claiming that the teachers are not providing quality education for their children. In other instances, the assessment done on some teachers in public schools showed that many of them were either not qualified or unfit to teach for varied reasons(Altenbaugh 2005). One of the things that cannot be ruled out is that the teaching approach carried by teachers adds a lot of value to the lives of the students through their lives. There may be varying difficulties that are sometimes brought about by enacted education policies that are used to govern the teaching profession and the syllabus in schools and other teaching institutions. From historical accounts, it can be seen that the utilization of good education profited from the existence of various successful kingdoms and regimes.

4. Evolution of Teaching as a Profession

            In the classroom or outside the evolution of teaching as a profession has seen a lot of change through many years. Education is a continuously evolving element. Time and time again discoveries are being made that continue to increase the level of education access that human beings have. Through this fact, we can note that the survival of human beings on earth can be directly linked to the research and development of elements such as technology that support the achievement of educational practices (Adcock 2008). Through education evolution scientists and doctors have been able to discover new ways that have contributed to an increased in human health, wellness, and existence in various ways.

            The modernization of various aspects that affect the current state of human life like technology, health, scientific research, and development are all linked to the foundation of educational practices. The increasing changes that are being experienced in our daily environment in regards to these aspects are directly linked to a change in the way education practices will be carried out in the future. The teaching environment has also drastically changed for example in the years of 1950s and much earlier the classrooms for students did not have air conditioning and some were being carried out outside under the shade of trees. This is a contrast in regards to the current condition of the classroom where automatic air conditioning systems are installed to offer a better learning environment with access to digital gadgets and WIFI (Makrides 2019). The difference in these two examples shows how much the process of teaching and learning has greatly changed over the years to improve the learning experience for both the teacher and the students.

            Some people would argue that the same old methods that they used in teaching are relevant in today’s world but with the current developments and increase in the capacity of human life existence, this approach cannot be viable or add value. The educational perception that was there 50 years ago cannot be able to handle the current changes being experienced across the world and in our general lives. There has to be a new evolutionary approach that supports the inclusion of new educational technologies and elements into the teaching curriculum. The way teaches used to communicate and teach in the past needs to evolve to offer a space for the growth of new educational practices (Martínez-de-la-Hidalga and Villardón-Gallego 2016) (Makrides 2019). It is not that the previous educational system was not good but it has become redundant in the current society that we are living in. This presents teachers with a great challenge of looking into ways that they can be able to improve and increase their understating in regards to the changing educational environment (Adcock 2008). This we can see with the increased introduction of the incorporation of technology in supporting learning and teaching in classrooms. 

5.Teaching and Communication

            Teaching as a profession forms a very important medium of communication that needs to be handled with a lot of care and concern. The development of a human being and subsequently the whole society is highly dependent on how the education communication system is. Many people would just see a teacher carrying his or her duties in the classroom with students and views it like it is a common normal occurrence but in a real sense, it requires a lot of effort to manage a class efficiently. For good communication to be achieved in carrying out teaching lessons by teachers skills such as listening, speaking, presenting, writing, and reading need to be efficiently focused on by the teacher as a professional (Silver 2014). This is very important because teachers are like mentors who walk with students through various challenges that touch on classroom activities and also personal issues by the students. For a teacher to form good communication practices he or she needs to be well conversant with the type of educational syllabus being taught and how well to deal in a classroom environment.

            Teaching forms a direct form of media communication that has been practiced for a very long time. This has continuously formed the first base of educational interactions from the early ages of a human being growing up. When it comes to professional teaching teachers are the gateway of introducing the students to various concepts and understandings that govern the world. It is through teaching as a media tool that a lot of people get to successfully progress in their lives. By understanding this perspective we can indicate that it is very important for teachers to have the necessary skills that will work towards supporting the growth and development of students in the right way in society. 

            The professionalism of a teacher is very important in sharing out of information through various channels. Teachers play an important role in ensuring that students get the necessary help from the school and the parents at home. Through continuous communication with parents and guardians of students teaches to ensure that students get the best out of their learning experiences (Silver 2014). The use and incorporation of various technologies in the classroom ha e also played a great role in improving the way teachers and students communicate in class (Adcock 2008). It is therefore important to note that a teacher in a classroom transforms to be a facilitator, advisor, and mentor to the students. This is important because it supports the efficient process of communication in the classroom environment.

6. Virtual Teaching and Professionalism

            The inclusion of virtual teaching has created a lot of unforeseen challenges that were previously not seen or expected in the educational system across the world. The restriction measures that were introduced in the year 2020 to fight the spread of the coronavirus pandemic saw a very big shift change in the way education was going to be carried on moving forward (Osman 2020). Some parents and guardians were arguing that opening the schools would increase the level of covid-19 infection transmissions and others were arguing that the lockdown measures would distract the educational process by creating a lot of confusion in the long run. 

            Virtual learning was the only viable way that was seen to offer the best solution in mitigating the educational crisis that was being experienced. The one-on-one teaching experience has always been the fundamental approach that teachers have been using for so many years in carrying out classroom activities. The covid-19 pandemic created an unprecedented change in the way learning was taking place in many institutions. The evolution of teaching and learning technologies played a very crucial role in adopting the new ways of teaching through virtual platforms. It has not been an easy avenue to navigate for both the teachers and students. There have been varying challenges that have affected this mode of new learning style (Makrides 2019). One of the most important things is to ensure that the teaching academic syllabus for the schools each year has been accomplished. This will allow a smooth flow of the students in the educational system without changing or affecting it negatively.

            The inclusion of digital technology platforms has been great in supporting virtual learning. In the beginning, some teachers were hesitant about the capabilities of the technologies being used to deliver virtual education to work. In the long run, it was seen that the aspect of virtual education is very much viable with the proper tools (Adcock 2008). The realization of this factor has led the various higher institution of academic learning to introduce courses that are purely done and examined through online platforms. As time passes by various benefits that had previously not been seen and revolve around the use of virtual learning are currently being discovered and adapted to fit the needs of the students and institutions. 

7. Conclusion

            Media and communication are directly supported by teaching as a profession. Without the inclusion of teaching professionalism in the curriculum a lot of the gains that are seen in the media and communication sector would not be achievable. It is important to focus on the inclusion of new and emerging technologies towards supporting the growth of teaching as a professional occupation. This will very much work towards supporting the growth of teachers professionally and the positive academic development of students across different fields of study.

8. References

Adcock, P. K. (2008). Evolution of teaching and learning through technology. The Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 74(4), 37.

Altenbaugh, R. (Ed.). (2005). The Teacher’s Voice: A Social History Of Teaching In 20th Century America (Vol. 17). Routledge. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=M_mNAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=History+of+Teaching&ots=QgVa0Ql4xa&sig=7cmBWkNKd_Fep-WwsRvliVcWZbM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=History%20of%20Teaching&f=false

Benjamin, L. T. (1988). A history of teaching machines. American psychologist, 43(9), 703. 

Makrides, G. A. (2019). The Evolution of Education from Education 1.0 to Education 4.0: Is it an evolution or a revolution?. Beer Sheva, Israel. https://www.l-cloud.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Evolution_of_Education.pdf

Martínez-de-la-Hidalga, Z., & Villardón-Gallego, L. (2016). Evolution of the concept of the teaching profession in secondary school teacher training. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 74-83.

Osman, M. E. (2020). Global impact of COVID-19 on education systems: the emergency remote teaching at Sultan Qaboos University. Journal of Education for Teaching, 46(4), 463-471. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02607476.2020.1802583

Silver, F. (2014). Why is it important for teachers to have good communication skills. Chron. https://work.chron.com/important-teachers-good-communication-skills-10512.html

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